The Law

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This is a knowledge base of the Laws of Yahuah.  They are broken down by category for ease of use and search ability is available as well.  This is a work in progress and we are always learning, so interpretations of each Law may change over time as more insight is revealed and as users provide comments.  Please do not be judgmental in your comments; instead be helpful and explain your interpretation, so we can all learn and enhance this resource together.

Servants / Slaves

Female Servants

The law may seem harsh to women; however, it actually provided to protect them.  Notice a female servant cannot be sent out as a male servant is sent out in the previous scripture. When a female is released she must be allowed to be redeemed or ransomed.  She can be purchased from servitude by someone else and set free. She is not allowed to be sold off to foreigners who do not follow the law which allows her to be redeemed.  He cannot deal falsely by buying female servants and then selling them off for a profit.  This part of the law stops the trafficking of women. The master takes another wife, he must continue to treat the previously purchased servant/wife as  before.  He must also, treat her as a daughter if he allows her to marry his son.  If he does not do these things then the female servant is set free without a ransom price.

7 And when a man sells his daughter to be a female servant, she does not go out as the male servants do. 8“If she is displeasing in the eyes of her master who has engaged her to himself, then he shall let her be ransomed. He shall have no authority to sell her to a foreign people, because of him deceiving her. 9“And if he has engaged her to his son, he is to do to her as is the right of daughters. 10“If he takes another wife, her food, her covering and her marriage rights are not to be diminished. 11“And if he does not do these three for her, then she shall go out for naught, without silver. – Exodus 21:7 – 11

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Male Servants

This does not apply to many of us today since we do not keep servants/slaves.  In countries where slavery is still practiced the owner would do well to follow this law.

2 When you buy a Hebrew servant, he serves six years and in the seventh he goes out free, for naught. 3“If he comes in by himself, he goes out by himself; if he comes in married, then his wife shall go out with him. 4“If his master has given him a wife and she has borne him sons or daughters, the wife and her children are her master’s and he goes out by himself. 5“And if the servant truly says, ‘I love my master, my wife and my children, let me not go out free,’ 6 then his master shall bring him before Elohim and shall bring him to the door, or to the doorpost and his master shall pierce his ear with an awl. And he shall serve him forever. – Exodus 21:2 – 6

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Beating A Servant

20 “And when a man smites his male or female servant with a rod, so that he dies under his hand, he shall certainly be punished. 21 “But if he remains alive a day or two, he is not punished; for he is his property. – Exodus 21:20 – 21

This law is not as clear or fair as some of the others because it does not define the punishment to the master nor does it require punishment if the servant dies a week later from the blow.  However, it is worded well enough to hold the hand of most masters due to the gamble the master would take in striking servants to the point of possibly killing them. The master has to consider if beating his servants is worth the chance it may kill them.

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Striking A Servant

26 “And when a man smites the eye of his male or female servant and destroys it, he is to let him go free for the sake of his eye. 27 “And if he knocks out the tooth of his male or female servant, he is to let him go free for the sake of his tooth. – Exodus 21:26 – 27

If a master causes permanent physical damage (not just an eye or a tooth) to a servant then the servant is set free for sake of the injury.  This kept masters from treating servant too harshly because they did not want to lose the property for which they had paid.

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Criminal Offenses

Aggravated Assault

18 And when men strive together and one smites the other with a stone or with his fist and he does not die but is confined to his bed, 19 if he rises again and walks about outside with his staff, then he who smote him shall be innocent. He only pays for lost time and sees to it that he is completely healed. – Exodus 21:18 – 19

If two people physically strike one another and one is injured to the point he is unable to work or take care of his family, but does not die then the one causing the injury will ensure the injured man’s lost wages and medical bills are paid.  Notice it does NOT say “the one who started the fight pays”, so this applies to both individuals in the conflict regardless of who started it.  The one causing the injury is not “innocent” of hurting someone which is why he must pay for the medical attention and lost wages, but he is innocent of murder.

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Injury of Pregnant Woman

22 “And when men strive and they shall smite a pregnant woman and her children come out, yet there is no injury, he shall certainly be punished accordingly as the woman’s husband lays upon him. And he shall give through the judges. 23 “But if there is injury, then you shall give life for life, 24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 burn for burn, wound for wound, lash for lash. – Exodus 21:22 – 25

If striking a pregnant woman causes a premature birth, and the child is healthy with all his toes, eyes, hands, etc. then the husband can deal the punishment through the judges upon the attacker.  However, if the child is born early and is not fully formed or dies due to the premature birth then the attacker is given the punishment based upon the affliction of the child.

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Murder / Manslaughter

This is currently handle by our court system, but this was the court system during the days of Moses.  If you intentionally killed another person and found guilty of it, then you were put to death.  If however, it was found to be an accident then a town was provided for you to live in away from everyone else.

12 He who strikes a man so that he dies shall certainly be put to death. 13“But if he did not lie in wait, but Elohim delivered him into his hand, then I shall appoint for you a place where he is to flee. 14“But when a man acts presumptuously against his neighbor, to kill him by treachery, you are to take him even from My altar to die. – Exodus 21:12 – 14

Designated Cities for Manslaughter
41 Then Mosheh separated three cities beyond the Yardĕn, toward the rising of the sun, 42 for him who killed someone to flee there, he who kills his neighbor unintentionally, without having hated him in time past and might flee to one of these cities and live: 43 Betser in the wilderness in the level land for the Re’uḇĕnites and Ramoth in Gil‛aḏ for the Gaḏites and Golan in Bashan for the Menashshites. – Deuteronomy 4:41 – 43

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Kidnapping

16 “And he who kidnaps a man and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, shall certainly be put to death. – Exodus 21:16

Kidnapping was not just jail time in the days of Moses; if proven the punishment was death. The taking of someones freedom outside the law carried the same punishment as murder.

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Family

Respecting Parents

Respecting ones parents is extremely important to Yahuah for they are the ones who are to guard and pass down His Torah to their children.  This respect of parents is not only important for passing down His teachings, but it is important for the survival of a society.  As you can see in our current society the lack of respect children have for their parents and the way our younger generations are deteriorating into lawlessness. If you ever watch kids TV you will see how the kids are almost always smarter than the dumb ole parents.  This continuous brainwashing teaches kids to disrespect their parents and goes directly in contradiction to Yahuah’s instructions.

12“Respect your father and your mother, so that your days are prolonged upon the soil which Yahuah your Elohim is giving you. – Exodus 20:12

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Hitting A Parent

15 “And he who smites his father or his mother shall certainly be put to death. – Exodus 21:15

Death may seem a little harsh for this action; however, when we look at the Hebrew word for smite, Nakah, it means to strike, smite, hit, beat, slay, or kill.  So many of us read smite as “hit”, but it could be much more fatal than just a good punch to the jaw.  It is doubtful a son or daughter would be put to death for just hitting a parent, so this punishment of death is likely reserved for the beating and/or slaying of a parent.

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Cursing A Parent

17 “And he who curses his father or his mother shall certainly be put to death. – Exodus 21:17

Death seems pretty harsh for just cursing at your parents.  This word does not mean saying  mean things or cussing as we would think of in the Western World.  It is derived from the Hebrew word Galal which means to make worthless or treat something or someone as worthless; to be slight, be swift, be trifling, be of little account, be light.  It could also be taken as disgracing someone or cursing (a prayer or invocation for harm or injury to come upon one) them. So either way in this verse when a child curses or disgraces a parent or acts as if they are worthless, its a little more than what you would initially read from our Western mindset.

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Children to Parents

Respecting Parents

Respecting ones parents is extremely important to Yahuah for they are the ones who are to guard and pass down His Torah to their children.  This respect of parents is not only important for passing down His teachings, but it is important for the survival of a society.  As you can see in our current society the lack of respect children have for their parents and the way our younger generations are deteriorating into lawlessness. If you ever watch kids TV you will see how the kids are almost always smarter than the dumb ole parents.  This continuous brainwashing teaches kids to disrespect their parents and goes directly in contradiction to Yahuah’s instructions.

12“Respect your father and your mother, so that your days are prolonged upon the soil which Yahuah your Elohim is giving you. – Exodus 20:12

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Hitting A Parent

15 “And he who smites his father or his mother shall certainly be put to death. – Exodus 21:15

Death may seem a little harsh for this action; however, when we look at the Hebrew word for smite, Nakah, it means to strike, smite, hit, beat, slay, or kill.  So many of us read smite as “hit”, but it could be much more fatal than just a good punch to the jaw.  It is doubtful a son or daughter would be put to death for just hitting a parent, so this punishment of death is likely reserved for the beating and/or slaying of a parent.

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Cursing A Parent

17 “And he who curses his father or his mother shall certainly be put to death. – Exodus 21:17

Death seems pretty harsh for just cursing at your parents.  This word does not mean saying  mean things or cussing as we would think of in the Western World.  It is derived from the Hebrew word Galal which means to make worthless or treat something or someone as worthless; to be slight, be swift, be trifling, be of little account, be light.  It could also be taken as disgracing someone or cursing (a prayer or invocation for harm or injury to come upon one) them. So either way in this verse when a child curses or disgraces a parent or acts as if they are worthless, its a little more than what you would initially read from our Western mindset.

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Assault / Battery

Aggravated Assault

18 And when men strive together and one smites the other with a stone or with his fist and he does not die but is confined to his bed, 19 if he rises again and walks about outside with his staff, then he who smote him shall be innocent. He only pays for lost time and sees to it that he is completely healed. – Exodus 21:18 – 19

If two people physically strike one another and one is injured to the point he is unable to work or take care of his family, but does not die then the one causing the injury will ensure the injured man’s lost wages and medical bills are paid.  Notice it does NOT say “the one who started the fight pays”, so this applies to both individuals in the conflict regardless of who started it.  The one causing the injury is not “innocent” of hurting someone which is why he must pay for the medical attention and lost wages, but he is innocent of murder.

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Injury of Pregnant Woman

22 “And when men strive and they shall smite a pregnant woman and her children come out, yet there is no injury, he shall certainly be punished accordingly as the woman’s husband lays upon him. And he shall give through the judges. 23 “But if there is injury, then you shall give life for life, 24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25 burn for burn, wound for wound, lash for lash. – Exodus 21:22 – 25

If striking a pregnant woman causes a premature birth, and the child is healthy with all his toes, eyes, hands, etc. then the husband can deal the punishment through the judges upon the attacker.  However, if the child is born early and is not fully formed or dies due to the premature birth then the attacker is given the punishment based upon the affliction of the child.

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Remember The Covenant

Remember What Yahuah Has Done

Scripture
And Mosheh said to the people, “Remember this day in which you went out of Mitsrayim, out of the house of slavery. For by strength of hand HWHY brought you out of this place and whatever is leavened shall not be eaten.” – Shemoth (Exodus) 13:3

Only, guard yourself and guard your life diligently, lest you forget the Words your eyes have seen and lest they turn aside from your heart all the days of your life. And you shall make them known to your children and your grandchildren. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 4:9

And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Mitsrayim and that HWHY your Elohim brought you out from there by a strong hand and by an outstretched arm. Therefore HWHY your Elohim commanded you to observe the Sabbath day. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 5:15

And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Mitsrayim and HWHY your Elohim redeemed you. Therefore I am commanding you this word today. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 15:15

And you shall remember that you were a slave in Mitsrayim and you shall guard and do these laws. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 16:12

But you shall remember that you were a slave in Mitsrayim and that HWHY your Elohim redeemed you from there. Therefore I am commanding you to do this word. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 24:18

And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Mitsrayim. Therefore I am commanding you to do this word. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 24:22

be on guard, lest you forget HWHY who brought you out of the land of Mitsrayim, from the house of bondage. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 6:12

do not be afraid of them. remember well what HWHY your Elohim did to Pharaoh and to all Mitsrayim, the great trials which your eyes saw and the signs and the wonders, the strong hand and the outstretched arm, by which HWHY your Elohim brought you out. HWHY your Elohim does so to all the peoples of whom you are afraid. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 7:18-19

And you shall remember that HWHY your Elohim led you all the way these forty years in the wilderness, to humble you, prove you, to know what is in your heart, whether you guard His commands or not. “And He humbled you and let you suffer hunger and fed you with manna which you did not know nor did your fathers know, to make you know that man does not live by bread alone but by every Word that comes from the mouth of HWHY. Your garments did not wear out on you, nor did your foot swell these forty years. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 8:2-4

Thus you shall know in your heart that as a man disciplines his son, so HWHY your Elohim disciplines you – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 8:5

Remember what Amalĕq did to you on the way as you were coming out of Mitsrayim, how he met you on the way and attacked your back, all the feeble ones in your rear, when you were tired and weary. And he did not fear Elohim. Therefore it shall be, when HWHY your Elohim has given you rest from your enemies all around, in the land which HWHY your Elohim is giving you to possess as an inheritance, that you blot out the remembrance of Amalĕq from under the heavens. Do not forget! – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 15:17-19

Summary
Remember we were once all slaves in the world; in Babylon/Egypt, and Yahuah has provided us a way out if we believe in Him and guard his commandments. Do not be afraid to come out of her for He will protect you from your enemies and one day they will become as a foot stool. Though He may discipline and humble you; remember it is because He loves you. Do not forget what He has done and continues to do for you.

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Remember All This Law And History

Scripture
And Mosheh commanded them, saying, “At the end of seven years, at the appointed time, the year of release, at the Festival of Booths, when all Yisra’ĕl comes to appear before HWHY your Elohim in the place which He chooses, read this Torah before all Yisra’ĕl in their hearing. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 31:10-11

Assemble the people, the men and the women and the little ones and your sojourner who is within your gates, so that they hear and so that they learn to fear HWHY your Elohim and guard to do all the Words of this Torah. And their children, who have not known it, should hear and learn to fear HWHY your Elohim as long as you live in the land you are passing over the Yardĕn to possess. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 31:12-13

Remember the days of old, Consider the years of many generations. ask your father and let him show you, Your elders and let them say to you – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 32:7

Summary
Remember to read His Torah at the Appointed Times and to teach it to your children, grand-children, and the nations* so they may learn to guard His Commandments.  Children remember the wisdom of your father and elders around you and ask them questions so you may also gain wisdom and understanding in the Law.

*gentiles, those not grafted in to the Nation of Israel. For not all Israelite are of the Nation of Israel; only those who believe in Him and guard His Commandments

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Keeping Covenant With Yahuah

Scripture
And Elohim said to Aḇrahim, “As for you, guard My covenant, you and your seed after you throughout their generations. – Bereshith (Genesis) 17:9

And you shall know that HWHY your Elohim, He is Elohim, the trustworthy Ĕl guarding covenant and kindness for a thousand generations with those who love Him and those who guard His commands, but repaying those who hate Him to their face, to destroy them. He does not delay to do so with him who hates Him, He repays him to his face. – Debarim (Deutoronomy) 7:9-10

But you shall remember HWHY your Elohim, for it is He who gives you power to get wealth, in order to establish His covenant which He swore to your fathers, as it is today. – Debarim (Deutoronomy) 8:18

Therefore you shall guard the words of this covenant and do them so that you prosper in all that you do. – Debarim (Deutoronomy) 29:9

Summary
Yahuah made His covenant with those who love Him and follow His Commands.  He is the one who gives us the power to establish His covenant and therefore we should guard the words of the covenant and do them so we prosper.

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Laws Of Circumcision

Scripture
This is My covenant which you guard between Me and you, and your seed after you: Every male child among you is to be circumcised. And you shall circumcise the flesh of your foreskin, and it shall become a sign of the covenant between Me and you. And a son of eight days is circumcised by you, every male child in your generations, he who is born in your house or bought with silver from any foreigner who is not of your seed. He who is born in your house, and he who is bought with your silver, has to be circumcised. So shall My covenant be in your flesh, for an everlasting covenant. – Bereshith (Genesis) 17:10-13

And on the eighth day the flesh of his foreskin is circumcised. – Wayyiqra (Leviticus) 12:3

And you shall circumcise the foreskin of your heart, and harden your neck no more. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 10:16

Summary
As a sign of the covenant with Yahuah all male children should be circumcised on the eighth day. This is not only a circumcision of the flesh but of the heart as circumcision of the flesh alone does not mean you have entered into the covenant yourself. You must also have a heart willing to follow Yahuah and guard His Commandments.

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Symbols Of Faith

Scripture

Tzitzit
Make tassels on the four corners of the garment with which you cover yourself. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 22:12

Speak to the children of Yisra’ĕl, and you shall say to them to make tzitziyot on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and to put a blue cord in the tzitzit of the corners. “And it shall be to you for a tzitzit, and you shall see it, and shall remember all the commands of יהוה and shall do them, and not search after your own heart and your own eyes after which you went whoring, so that you remember, and shall do all My commands, and be set-apart unto your Elohim. – Bemidbar (Numbers) 15:28-40

Hand and Frontlet
and shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 6:8

And you shall lay up these Words of Mine in your heart and in your being, and shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 11:18

And it shall be as a sign to you on your hand and as a reminder between your eyes, that the Torah of יהוה is to be in your mouth, for with a strong hand יהוה has brought you out of Mitsrayim. And you shall guard this law at its appointed time from year to year. – Bemidbar (Numbers) 13:9-10

And it shall be, when your son asks you in time to come, saying, ‘What is this?’ then you shall say to him, ‘By strength of hand יהוה brought us out of Mitsrayim, out of the house of bondage. And it came to be, when Pharaoh was too hardened to let us go, that יהוה killed every first-born in the land of Mitsrayim, both the first-born of man and the first-born of beast. Therefore I am slaughtering to יהוה every male that open the womb, but every first-born of my sons I ransom.’ And it shall be as a sign on your hand and as frontlets between your eyes, for by strength of hand יהוה brought us out of Mitsrayim.”

Doorpost
And you shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates. – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 6:8

and shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates, – Debarim (Deuteronomy) 11:20

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